Guidelines for Partial Solar Eclipse | 8th April 2024

The next Solar Eclipse will be in its totality in Mexico, Canada and US on Monday 8th April 2024.

However, the tail end of this eclipse will be visible only partially for a very short time in northern parts of England.

According to scientific calculations, it will be visible for less than a minute in Leeds and around 10 minutes in Aberdeen.

The office of Ayatullah Sistani in Najaf has confirmed that it is Wajib to recite Namaze Ayat as soon as a partial eclipse takes place, regardless of how long it lasts. Hence, it will be compulsory in this case for Momineen living in Leeds to recite Namaze Ayat just before sunset and those in Aberdeen around ten minutes before sunset.

Exact times of when the partial eclipse begins can be found at:

https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/solar/2024-april-8


Method for Salat Ayat

Salāt al‑āyāt is 2 rak’ats; every rak’at has 5 ruku’ (total 10 ruku’).

  1. After niyyah and Takbiratul-ihram, you should recite Surah al-Hamd, then any other Surah
  2. Then go to ruku’. Your one ruku’ is complete.
  3. After rising from ruku’, recite again Surah al-Hamd and one Surah and go to ruku’. Your second ruku’ is complete. Likewise, you should do 5 ruku’.
  4. After rising from 5th ruku’, say ‘Sami’ Allahu liman hamidah’ and go to sajdah. Complete 2 sajdahs as usual and rise for the 2nd rak’at.
  5. Likewise, do 5 ruku’ in the 2nd rak’at, and perform 2 sajdahs, recite tashahhud and salaam as usual. Your prayer is complete.

    Note: It is mustahab to recite qunut before every second ruku’. For this purpose count all ten ruku’ together, Thus you will recite qunut before the 2nd and 4th (in the first rak’at), and before the 6th, the 8th and the 10th ruku’ (in the 2nd rak’at).


Shorter method for ṣalāt al‑āyāt

A shorter method of performing ṣalāt al‑āyāt is as follows:] after one has made the intention [of performing the prayer], he says takbīr and recites Sūrat al-Ḥamd; then, he divides the verses of the other surah into five parts and recites one verse or more, or even less, provided that – based on obligatory precaution – it is a complete sentence.

He must start from the beginning of the surah and must not suffice with reciting bismillāh [on its own and count that as one verse]. Then, he goes into rukūʿ, raises his head, and without reciting Sūrat al-Ḥamd he recites the second part of the other surah. He then goes into rukūʿ again, and so on until he completes the other surah before he goes into the fifth rukūʿ.

For example, if the other surah is Sūrat al-Falaq,[1] he first says:

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ ۞ قُلْ أَعُوْذُ بِرَبِّ الْفَلَقِ

bismil lāhir raḥmānir raḥīm. qul aʿūdhu birabbil falaq

In the Name of Allah, the All-Beneficent, the Ever-Merciful. Say, ‘I seek refuge in the Lord of the daybreak,

…and goes into rukūʿ [for the first time]; he then stands up and says:

مِنْ شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ

min sharri mā khalaq

from the evil of what He created,

…and goes into rukūʿ again [for the second time]; he then stands up and says:

وَمِنْ شَرِّ غَاسِقٍ إِذَا وَقَبَ

wa min sharri ghāsiqin idhā waqab

and from the evil of the darkness of night when it settles,

…and goes into rukūʿ again [for the third time]; he then stands up and says:

وَمِنْ شَرِّ النَّفَّاثَاتِ فِي الْعُقَدِ

wa min sharrin naffāthāti fil ʿuqad

and from the evil of those who blow on knots,

…and goes into rukūʿ again [for the fourth time]; he then stands up and says:

وَمِنْ شَرِّ حَاسِدٍ إِذَا حَسَدَ

wa min sharri ḥāsidin idhā ḥasad

and from the evil of an envier when he envies.’

…and goes into rukūʿ for the fifth time.

He then stands up, performs two sajdahs, and proceeds to perform the second rakʿah in the same way as the first. After the second sajdah [of the second rakʿah], he says tashahhud and the salām of the prayer. It is permitted for one to divide the surah into less than five parts, but whenever he completes the surah, it is necessary that he recite Sūrat al-Ḥamd before performing the next rukūʿ.